Over time, the marchande ritual has increasingly become an occasion getting rough and sexuality direct insults directed at new husband, his the latest wife, and their family members
Of the various social show models one permeate Hausa and Songhoy-Zarma life, the latest ples of your own contestation off local patriarchal social methods. The new marchande is good Songhoy-Zarma mock ritual performed from the senior girlfriend in an effective polygamous relationships given that a reaction to the lady husband’s recent or coming y are a normal practice when you look at the Niger). Whenever marrying yet another partner, a guy is anticipated to expend his first spouse with the discomfort the guy explanations their through his the fresh new romance. It cash is usually utilized by the new senior girlfriend to pay for brand new events at which marchande is performed, gatherings and this entail satirical outfit, dancing, and you can song. The next excerpt out of a great marchande track sounds the latest anger off an elder girlfriend toward her partner with his brand new girlfriend:
Tobey tobey, [rabbit] Spraying pepper in our attention Of the Allah we shall sprinkle it back Tobey tobey, We’re going to wipe they for the their testicles So he places they in his the fresh new wife’s eyes, Thus the guy leaves they in his the fresh new wife’s pussy, She’ll not be able to sleep, She’ll struggle to stay. [:196)
When you find yourself such interpretations are believed provoking, I suggest you to definitely marchande tunes depict a form of ritual subversion that induce considerable pressure and contestation when inserted with the lifestyle
One frustration became manifested much more outward and you may head models of ridicule for the women’s husbands in addition to their the co-wives (). Sidikou along with signifies that the new marchande functions as a way to own senior spouses so you can voice their discontents having polygamy while also asserting its reputation away from expert in family tool. We would on top of that peruse this ritualized abilities courtesy Mikhail Bakhtin’s sense of the carnivalesque, wherein the inversion from steps together with short-term alleviation away from social stress is actually attained thanks to satirical dance, mimicry, and phrases from ridicule (Bakhtin 1941). With regards to issues from empowerment and you can complicity, Winner Turner’s interpretation of carnivalesque signifies that if you’re instance routine inversions and transgressions do subvert societal formations temporarily, it fundamentally permit men and women structures to undergo. The guy implies that eg expressions off resistance are contains in order to culturally approved room where tensions which could otherwise lead to the alteration out-of a social program is legitimated and you will ventilated (Turner 1982).
Guys, their families, in addition to their the fresh brides will not sit-in marchande shows, neither perform it support them although it’s the fee on elderly spouse that loans they. People as well as highly object to the rough language that ladies use inside ily professionals, each of which are big offenses in their Muslim neighborhood. Hence of a lot marchande performances are passed when you look at the secluded, but nonetheless societal rooms. As the messages of these slanderous performances do not thaicupid Zoeken slip really to the ears of men, he could be certainly released from inside the district of females, also among women that cannot if you don’t build such as for example derogatory re also:56). Specifically considering the boost in direct ailment of males and you may polygamy from inside the marchande songs, I understand this tune mode given that generating an effective sorts of opposition one to, without blocking polygamy, tournaments they which have expanding intensity. In addition it produces yet another routine area for societal opposition you to definitely lets female independence regarding the deterministic perspective regarding a local male look. The usage if not entirely forbidden language attests to this power, since females action more outside the bounds off acceptable social choices to voice it important perspective into polygamy.